The SAT is a globally available test which is accepted by colleges, and universities in the United States and numerous international locations.
It is offered at least seven times a year in the United States and U.S. territories, and up to six times a year internationally.
Beginning from March 2016, the SAT test had undergone some major changes. While still assessing skills in reading, writing, and math, the redesigned SAT focuses on the knowledge and skills, that current research shows are most essential for college, career readiness and success.


The New SAT had undergone eight key changes, namely:

  • Words in Context
  • Command of Evidence
  • Essay analyzing a Source
  • Focus on the Math that Matters
  • Most; Problems Grounded in Real-World Contexts
  • Analysis in Science and in History/Social Studies
  • U.S. Founding Documents and The Great Global Conversation

You can learn more about these changes at

Note: All information about the SAT in this section is about the redesigned SAT (all information from the College Board).


The redesigned SAT asks students to apply a deep understanding of the knowledge and skills most important for college and career readiness and success.

The SAT is composed of below three sections, and students have three hours of testing time, plus an additional 50 minutes for the optional Essay

sat test section and subjects

  • Evidence-Based Reading and Writing
  1. This section includes a Reading Test and a Writing and Language Test. You will be allotted 65 minutes for the SAT reading section, where you will have to answer 52 questions. 35 minutes’ time is allotted for the SAT Writing and Language section, where you will have to complete an essay and multiple choice questions.
  2. The Reading Test measures comprehension and reasoning skills with a focus on careful reading of appropriately challenging passages in a wide array of subject areas.
  3. The Writing and Language Test assesses skills in revising and editing a range of texts in a variety of subject areas to improve expression of ideas and to correct errors in grammar, usage, and punctuation.
  •  Mathematics:
  1. You will be allowed a Calculator for the first 55 minutes, and you will have to manage without a calculator for the rest 25 minutes.
  2. It includes multiple-choice and student-produced response questions, which focuses the major areas of the Math that will be important to determine the college majors and career readiness. The major areas from which the students should expect questions are:  Algebra (linear equations and questions), Problem Solving and Data Analysis, Basic to Advanced Math (manipulation of complex equations), geometry and trigonometry.
  • Optional Essay:
  1. The section has a time limit of 50 minutes, and is equally important and You will be asked to read and analyse an argument and write an effective response.
  2. We recommend that all students take the SAT with Essay.


sat test scoring system

How the SAT Score is Decided?

You will receive one total score, on a scale ranging from 400 to 1600, that is the sum of two section scores:

  • Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and
  • Mathematics

The three scores for the optional Essay will be reported separately on 2-to-8 scales and will not be factored into the total score.

SAT Section Scores

sat test section scores

You will receive two section (domain) scores, reported on a scale ranging from 200 to 800, in 10-point intervals:

There a two section in the SAT, namely:

  • Evidence-Based Reading and Writing, which will combine the Reading Test score and the Writing and Language Test score, and
  • Mathematics

SAT Raw Test Scores

You will receive three test scores reported on a scale ranging from 10 to 40:

  • Reading
  • Writing and Language
  • Math

SAT Cross Test Scores

sat cross test score

  • You will also receive, two cross-test scores that are based on items from across the Reading, Writing and Language, and Math Tests.
  • The cross test scores tell us about the skills of the student in the areas of Analysis in Science, and Analysis in History or Social Studies
  • The cross-test scores are contingent on the results of research. These will be reported on a scale ranging from 10 to 40:

SAT Sub Scores:

You will also receive multiple sub scores for Reading, Writing and Language, and Math.

In total, the new SAT will report seven sub scores, each on a scale ranging from 1 to 15.

The Reading and Writing and Language Tests will contribute questions to two sub scores:

  1. Command of Evidence, and
  2. Words in Context

The Writing and Language Test will also report two additional sub scores:

  1. Expression of Ideas, and
  2. Standard English Conventions

The Math Test will report three sub scores:

  1. Heart of Algebra
  2. Problem Solving and Data Analysis, and
  3. Passport to Advanced Math.

SAT Essay Scores

SAT Essay responses are scored using a carefully designed process:

  • Two different people will read and score your essay.
  • Each scorer awards 1-4 points for each dimension: reading, analysis, and writing.
  • The two scores for each dimension are added.
  • You’ll receive three scores for the SAT Essay–one for each dimension ranging from 2-8 points.

Students often find themselves searching for the range of the average SAT score that can help them qualify for admission into their desired college. It is true that if your Sat scores fall in a particular Sat score range, then your chances of admission increase. In the upcoming sections, we are going to analyse some topics, such as what is a good SAT score, and which SAT score range is the safest.


sat test subjects
The SAT Subject Test is one-hour long, content-based tests that are designed to measure students’ knowledge and skills in particular subject areas, as well as their ability to apply that knowledge.

Some institutions require or recommend SAT Subject Tests as part of the admission process to assess a student’s academic preparation for college. Whereas some colleges and universities use them for placement or for advisement in course selection.

A student may even be able to place out of an introductory class or satisfy a basic requirement by submitting SAT Subject Test scores.

All SAT Subject Tests cover content knowledge learned in the classroom, as well as interpretation and problem solving within the context of particular subjects.

The foreign language tests measure reading comprehension, language usage and vocabulary. Some language tests have a listening component.

The SAT Subject Tests fall into five general subject areas, namely

  • English
  • History
  • Mathematics
  • Science;
  • Languages.

 SAT Subject Test Scores

  • Scores for all Subject Tests are reported on a 200- to 800-point scale, where 200 is the lowest score and 800 is the highest.
  • A student’s scaled score is computed by first establishing a raw score:
  • For each correct answer, the student earns one point.
  • For a wrong answer to a question with five answer choices, the student loses one-quarter (1/4) point.
  • For a wrong answer to a question with four answer choices, the student loses one-third (1/3) point.
  • For a wrong answer to a question with three answer choices, the student loses one-half (1/2) point.
  • No points are deducted for unanswered questions.

SAT Subject Test Sub scores

  • Subject Test sub scores are used to compute the total score, but their individual contributions (or weights) are not all the same.
  • It is important to know that, for some Language Tests, sub scores are provided for listening, reading, and usage.
  • For the French, German, and Spanish with Listening Tests, the reading sub score counts twice as much as the listening sub score.
  • Sub scores for the Chinese, Japanese, and Korean tests are weighted equally.

When Should One Take the SAT Subject Tests?

  • It is best to take an SAT Subject Test after completing recommended coursework for a subject, bearing in mind any applicable college admission deadlines.
  • Most students take these tests toward the end of their junior year or at the beginning of their senior year, though some may be best taken in the spring of the sophomore year.
  • For the language tests, students should consider taking these tests after they have studied the language for at least two years. Students should be aware that not every subject test is offered on all the SAT test dates, so it is important to review the SAT Subject Test calendar early and plan accordingly.



Online registration is one of the most integral part and you need to do it carefully, in order to avoid delay and errors.

Students must register in advance for the SAT and the SAT Subject Tests.
Please note that students may not take both the SAT and SAT Subject Tests on the same day.

Here are some important points students must consider

SAT Registration URL:

  • Students will need to create a free personal account and will need a credit card to register online.
  • If students qualify for a fee waiver (see below), they are also eligible to register online.
  • Students who register online can print their Admission Ticket anytime and will not be mailed a paper Admission Ticket.
  • Students will also be given instructions for providing a photo for the ticket during the registration process.
  • Once a registration has been completed, a student cannot make changes to personal identifying information (e.g., name, birth date, gender) without contacting Customer Service.
  • The information on a student’s Admission Ticket must match the roster at the test centre, so any corrections needed must be submitted well in advance of the test date.
  • If a student’s address or high school information changes after an Admission Ticket is generated, he or she should contact Customer Service or make the change through his or her online account as soon as possible.
  • Changes to registrations can be made for a non-refundable fee, payable by credit card.
  • Students can use their online accounts to change their test type, test date or test centre. They can also call Customer Service to make these changes.
  • Students must make their request no later than the specified test date listed on their Admission Tickets.
  • Once a registration is updated, the student must print a new Admission Ticket for test day.
  • Test-day changes are not permitted at any test centre. Supervisors will not admit a student who is not on their roster, nor will they generally allow a student to sit for a different test type than is specified on the roster.
  • There are special rules regarding changes to SAT Subject Tests, so please check the College Board website for more information.
  • When a student registers for the SAT or SAT Subject Tests, the student may pick up to four score report recipients, and the cost is included in the registration fee.
  • Students may use their online accounts to change their score report recipients, if necessary.

High School Code for SAT

Students are required to provide their high school to SAT when they register, and score reports will automatically be sent to that high school. Cathedral

SAT Test Late Registration Period

  • Once the regular registration deadline has passed, the late registration period begins for domestic students. The late registration period generally extends for 14 days past the regular registration deadline.
  • Students testing in the United States and U.S territories who miss the regular registration deadline can still register during this period by paying an additional late registration fee;
  • However, those students who are eligible for a fee waiver may use a fee waiver to register for any test date through the late registration period and no late fee will apply.

SAT Standby Testing/Waitlist Status
Standby test-taking is not permitted; however, students who miss the late registration deadline may be able to go online until five days before test day to request waitlist status through their online account up until five days before test day.

Waitlist Status Restrictions pertinent to students for SAT Test
There is no waitlist status offered for Language with Listening Subject Tests. Waitlist requests are accepted for all other SAT Subject Tests.
Fee waivers cannot be used for waitlist status.

What do students with waitlist tickets for SAT Test need to bring?
Students with Waitlist Tickets should bring the following to the test centre:

  • Waitlist Ticket, with photo and accurate and complete test-taker information that Matches the centre attendance roster
  • Acceptable photo ID that is issued by a school or the government located in the country in which the centre is located
  • A copy of an Eligibility Approval Letter for testing with SSD accommodations offered in test centres.
  • You must note that -school-based accommodations with specific test formats or equipment cannot be offered in waitlist status.

How are the waitlist takers seated for SAT Test?

  • Waitlist test-takers are seated on a first-come, first served basis, determined by when they arrive at the centre.
  • They can be seated only after all regularly registered test-takers have been admitted and only if sufficient test materials, staff and seating are available.
  • If they are seated, students will be charged the applicable fees.

SAT Fee Waivers:

  • The fee waiver service assists high school students for whom payment of fees for the SAT Reasoning Test and SAT Subject Tests may be a barrier to applying for college.
  • Fee waivers are available for low-income, college-aspiring high school students who meet the eligibility guidelines.
  • Students apply for fee waivers through their counsellor and the fee waivers may be used for online or mail registration.


sat test center tips

  • Students should plan to arrive at the test centre at the time indicated on their Admission Ticket.
  • For most students taking the SAT with Essay, the test day ends by 1 p.m. SAT Subject Test-takers will likely finish earlier, especially if they are taking fewer than three tests.


When taking the SAT or the SAT Subject Tests, students should bring the following to the test centre:

  • Admission Ticket- displaying a recognizable photo of the student. Students must keep the ticket ready for inspection at all times while at the centre.
  • Acceptable photo identification (government- or school-issued) in English is required for admission to the test centre and will also be checked during the test.
  • Two or more No. 2 pencils (soft lead), as a pencil is required for the multiple-choice sections and the essay.
  • Essays written in ink will receive a score of zero.
  • Students should not bring pens or mechanical pencils. Soft erasers are also recommended.
  • Acceptable calculator for the mathematics section of the SAT or the Subject Tests in Mathematics
  • Acceptable battery-operated CD player with earphones for the Language with Listening Tests only
  • If you are worried about food and want to bring snacks–Please see the College Board website for complete details on snacks